dokumentasi pengetahuan tradisional

  • Access to Biological Resources and Benefit Sharing

    What is Acess & Benefit Sharing (ABS)?

    Access to biological resources, refers to the utilization of biological resources from its natural habitats or the place where the resources were found, stored, or grown for research and development purposes on any genetic resources, derivatives, or biochemical compounds consisting of or contained in the biological resources.

    Why ABS is Important?

    Access and benefit sharing of biological resources can ensure that the method of accessing and utilization of biological resources will maximize the benefits to the users, providers and the ecology and communities where the biological resources are found.

    ABS is an important issue under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), where one of the three objectives of the convention on ABS which is in line with preservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of its components. CBD recognizes that biological resources is an absolute right of a country.

    KidingABSvisit

    Issues in Regulating ABS

    Nagoya Protocol on ABS is a new international treaty adopted under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Nagoya, Japan on Oct. 29, 2010. The objective is to share the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources are shared fairly and equitably, which will contribute to the preservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and further meet the three objectives of the CBD.


    Demonstration Project on the Utilization of Genetic Resources associated with TK for the Development of Health and Personal Care Products in Sarawak

    • To demonstrate an ABS mechanism through creating a value chain leading to the development of products for the healthcare, personal care and cosmeceutical industries from traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources in Sarawak.
    • To promote benefit sharing with ethnic communities so that they are able to improve their livelihoods and preserve their traditional knowledge while promoting the sustainable use of biological resources for the State of Sarawak.

    KidingABS

    Creating a value chain from Traditional Knowledge for the Biodiversity Product for the Community Benefit

    Value Chain

    Component A – Developing Value Chain

    capacity building

    Component B - Sharing of Benefits

    MAT

  • Access to Biological Resources and Benefit Sharing

    What is Acess & Benefit Sharing (ABS)?

    Access to biological resources, refers to the utilization of biological resources from its natural habitats or the place where the resources were found, stored, or grown for research and development purposes on any genetic resources, derivatives, or biochemical compounds consisting of or contained in the biological resources.

    Why ABS is Important?

    Access and benefit sharing of biological resources can ensure that the method of accessing and utilization of biological resources will maximize the benefits to the users, providers and the ecology and communities where the biological resources are found.

    ABS is an important issue under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), where one of the three objectives of the convention on ABS which is in line with preservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of its components. CBD recognizes that biological resources is an absolute right of a country.

    ABS2018

    Issues in Regulating ABS

    Nagoya Protocol on ABS is a new international treaty adopted under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Nagoya, Japan on Oct. 29, 2010. The objective is to share the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources are shared fairly and equitably, which will contribute to the preservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and further meet the three objectives of the CBD.


    Demonstration Project on the Utilization of Genetic Resources associated with TK for the Development of Health and Personal Care Products in Sarawak

    • To demonstrate an ABS mechanism through creating a value chain leading to the development of products for the healthcare, personal care and cosmeceutical industries from traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources in Sarawak.
    • To promote benefit sharing with ethnic communities so that they are able to improve their livelihoods and preserve their traditional knowledge while promoting the sustainable use of biological resources for the State of Sarawak.

    KidingABS

    Creating a value chain from Traditional Knowledge for the Biodiversity Product for the Community Benefit

    Value Chain

    Component A – Developing Value Chain

    capacity building

    Component B - Sharing of Benefits

    MAT

  • Terdapat 36 kumpulan pribumi yang berbeza di Sarawak dan ini dapat dibahagikan kepada kumpulan-kumpulan besar seperti berikut:  Iban, Bidayuh, Orang Ulu, Melanau dan Melayu.  Setiap kumpulan etnik ini telah mewarisi pengetahuan tradisional yang luas daripada nenek moyang mereka dan sebahagian besarnya tidak pernah didokumentasikan.  Pengetahuan ini termasuklah amalan yang telah dilakukan berkurun lamanya seperti penanaman sumber makanan dan bagaimana untuk terus hidup dalam alam sekitar mereka.  Penggunaan dan pengurusan sumber-sumber biologi oleh masyarakat pribumi ini dari zaman dahulu dikenali sebagai pengetahuan tradisional.

    TK2018

    Sementara ramai di antara generasi-generasi tua di dalam komuniti-komuniti ini yang masih mempertahankan pengetahuan tradisional mereka, terdapat kebimbangan akan hilangnya pengetahuan ini disebabkan oleh perubahan cara hidup, keutamaan, senangnya memperolehi kemudahan-kemudahan moden dan hilangnya kebergantungan ke atas sumber-sumber semulajadi oleh komuniti-komuniti pribumi ini.  Ini menjadikannya semakin penting untuk mendokumentasi Pengetahuan Tradisional oleh setiap komuniti pribumi dan mempertahankannya sebagai warisan agar ia tidak hilang ditelan masa.

    Dengan permintaan yang mendadak terhadap pembangunan produk-produk semulajadi dan bioprospek daripada sumber-sumber biologi dunia, ianya menjadi semakin penting untuk mendokumentasi Pengetahuan Tradisional.  Ini untuk memastikan agar komuniti-komuniti pribumi yang telah mengamalkan pengetahuan tersebut sejak turun temurun diperakui sekiranya pengetahuan mereka digunapakai dalam pembangunan produk-produk semulajadi atau bioprospek.

    Objektif utama Program Dokumentasi Pengetahuan Tradisional yang dijalankan oleh Pusat Kepelbagaian Biologi Sarawak adalah sebagai pemudah cara kepada komuniti-komuniti pribumi di negeri ini dalam memulihara Pengetahuan Tradisional mereka melalui rekod dan pendokumentasian yang betul.  Usaha-usaha seperti ini dijalankan melalui bengkel-bengkel binaupaya yang membekalkan komuniti-komuniti tempatan dengan kemahiran-kemahiran yang perlu seperti teknik-teknik mendokumentasi, penanaman semula dan pengurusan tumbuh-tumbuhan tempatan yang berguna.

    Projek ini turut menggalakkan komuniti-komuniti pribumi untuk menanam tumbuh-tumbuhan tempatan yang berguna bagi keperluan mereka sendiri, sebagai lanskap di persekitaran mereka dan untuk tujuan kesedaran dan penghargaan.

  • What is Prior Informed Consent (PIC)?

    The consent that is given by the community based on sufficiency of information and time before the initial plan for the project is developed in detail.

    Why is it Important?

    Malaysia is one of the parties in the International legal obligation:

    • Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD)- 1992
    • Bonn guidelines - 2002
    • UNDRIP - 2007
    • Nagoya Protocol - 2010
    • Customary International Law

    PIC

    Why do we need PIC?

    • To enable the community to make decision on the proposed project.
    • To be the keeper in managing the biological resources in the village.
    • The community will know and understand the proposed project especially the potential and effects (social economy, biological resources) to the village.
    • Community will be able to negotiate for benefit sharing.

    When to Obtain PIC?

    Collection of biological resources associated with traditional knowledge.

    IMG 8663

    Timeline for obtaining PIC

    In accordance with the community’s requirements and practice or shall not be less than two weeks and shall not be more than two months.

    Benefit Sharing Agreement

    The parties shall then negotiate and enter into fair & equitable benefit-sharing agreement:

    • For the supply of raw material and processing; or
    • Relating to the commercialisation of products.

    SBC's approach in obtaining PIC:

    1. Meeting with Community Leaders
    To obtain permission from the community leaders during the meeting at Resident offices, district offices and sub-district offices to conduct TK Documentation project in their villages.

    2. Traditional Knowledge Documentation Workshop
    Permission to conduct TK Documentation Workshop through presentation on methods  of documentation through field notebook, digital recorder, cassette recorders and digital camera are carried out before hands-on field documentation and collection.

    3. Permission from Community
    Permission to bring back the plants to SBC and each plant is recorded in Plant Specimen Form (as a agreement with community)

    PIC Workflow

  • What is Prior Informed Consent (PIC)?

    The consent that is given by the community based on sufficiency of information and time before the initial plan for the project is developed in detail.

    Why is it Important?

    Malaysia is one of the parties in the International legal obligation:

    • Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD)- 1992
    • Bonn guidelines - 2002
    • UNDRIP - 2007
    • Nagoya Protocol - 2010
    • Customary International Law

    PIC

    Why do we need PIC?

    • To enable the community to make decision on the proposed project.
    • To be the keeper in managing the biological resources in the village.
    • The community will know and understand the proposed project especially the potential and effects (social economy, biological resources) to the village.
    • Community will be able to negotiate for benefit sharing.

    When to Obtain PIC?

    Collection of biological resources associated with traditional knowledge.

    IMG 8663

    Timeline for obtaining PIC

    In accordance with the community’s requirements and practice or shall not be less than two weeks and shall not be more than two months.

    Benefit Sharing Agreement

    The parties shall then negotiate and enter into fair & equitable benefit-sharing agreement:

    • For the supply of raw material and processing; or
    • Relating to the commercialisation of products.

    SBC's approach in obtaining PIC:

    1. Meeting with Community Leaders
    To obtain permission from the community leaders during the meeting at Resident offices, district offices and sub-district offices to conduct TK Documentation project in their villages.

    2. Traditional Knowledge Documentation Workshop
    Permission to conduct TK Documentation Workshop through presentation on methods  of documentation through field notebook, digital recorder, cassette recorders and digital camera are carried out before hands-on field documentation and collection.

    3. Permission from Community
    Permission to bring back the plants to SBC and each plant is recorded in Plant Specimen Form (as a agreement with community)

    PIC Workflow

Contact

Chief Executive Officer
KM20, Jalan Borneo Heights, Semengoh
Locked Bag No.3032, 93990 Kuching,
Sarawak, Malaysia.

Tel: +6 082 610610  |  Fax: +6 082 611535
Email: biosar[at]sbc[dot]org[dot]my

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